Report of the School of Science (2002 update, 1999 report)
Following the original report on women faculty in the sciences, the Provost asked the remaining four schools at MIT to conduct a similar study on the status of women faculty in their departments. In addition, the School of Science completed an updated version of their original work.
MIT Conference on Women in Science and Engineering (2001)
University leaders from nine research institutions gathered at MIT to discuss the findings of the MIT report. All present signed a pledge to work toward gender equity at their respective institutions. The schools represented were: Harvard University, MIT, the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Princeton University, Stanford University, the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, the University of Pennsylvania and Yale. The initiatives started at these schools are detailed below.
California Institute of Technology (Caltech): Committee on the Status of Women Faculty Report (2001)
Motivated by the publication of the MIT report, a Committee on the Status of Women Faculty at Caltech was formed in early 1999. The Committee was charged with assessing gender inequity in the Institute, enumerating problems that affect not only women, but also men. The Committee carried out interviews with the 29 women faculty members at the Institute and found that they are markedly more dissatisfied with Caltech than their male counterparts. They addressed issues like salary and space differentials, endowed chairs, chairpersonships, and family leave policies. Though they could not determine whether there was gender discrimination in salary or space disbursement, the Committee found that women had little or no voice in the management of the school, largely due to a legacy of gender discrimination. The Committee ultimately recommends steps to hire more women faculty, improve mentoring relationships with women junior faculty, and create a more family-friendly atmosphere to assist women faculty with children as they rise through the tenure ranks. One unique suggestion is to commence a fund-raising campaign aimed exclusively to amass funds for the hiring and retention of more women faculty. The Committee suggests that Caltech’s progress be monitored at three-year intervals, preferably by women trustees of the Institute.
MIT: A Study on the Status of Women Faculty in Science at MIT (1999)
This groundbreaking 1999 study analyzed the status of women faculty in the six departments in the School of Science at MIT. The committee discovered that junior faculty women feel well supported within their departments and most do not believe that gender bias will impact their careers. They also believe that junior women faculty that family-work conflicts may impact their careers differently from those of their male colleagues. In contrast to junior women, many tenured women faculty feel marginalized and excluded from a significant role in their departments. Marginalization increases as women progress through their careers at MIT. Examination of data revealed that marginalization was often accompanied by differences in salary, space, awards, resources, and response to outside offers between men and women faculty with women receiving less despite professional accomplishments equal to those of their male colleagues. The report makes recommendations regarding the hiring, treatment, and retention of women faculty in the sciences.
Harvard: Report on Women in the Sciences (1991)
The FAS Standing Committee on the Status of Women calls on the Faculty of Arts and Sciences to make a commitment to the recruitment, retention, and professional development of women graduate students and junior faculty in the sciences, in order to increase the number of women in Harvard science departments.