- Women’s Working Lives: Comparable Challenges in Japan and the United States April 2007
The Yale Women Faculty Forum (WFF) has held a series of seminars to examine the “gendering of work” done in households and in the paid labor force. In April of 2006, WFF hosted Dr. Mary Ann Mason, Dean of the Graduate Division at the University of California at Berkeley, who presented data from her project, “Do Babies Matter?: The Effect of Family Formation on the Lifelong Careers of Women.” Dr. Mason’s longitudinal research (over 160,000 PhD recipients have been tracked from 1973 to the present) revealed the role parenting plays in academic careers in the United States.
- The Japanese Family-Work Balance in Comparative Perspective, Presentation by Frances Rosenbluth, April 2007
- Care Work, the Blame Game, and the Structural Squeeze, WFF Presentation by Karen Hansen and Dhooleka Raj, April 2007
- Gender Socialization: How Bargaining Power Shapes Social Norms and Political Attitudes, Presentation by Francis Rosenbluth, September 2006
- WFF Report on Childcare (2002)
Faculty respondents offered valuable insights regarding the ways in which the time and money they devote to ensuring adequate childcare for their children directly affect the quality and quantity of their academic work. Yale is able to recruit extraordinary faculty, yet the lack of adequate childcare options makes balancing professional and family responsibilities an ongoing struggle for many of our faculty members.
- Report- Do Babies Matter?: The Effect of Family Formation on the Lifelong Careers of Women (2002) Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden, Graduate Division, University of California at Berkeley
This report finds that family formation has a profound and generally deleterious effect on women attempting to achieve tenure in the university setting. Most importantly, the report finds a large gap between men and women academics who have babies early in their academic careers. There is a 24% gap in achieving tenure between women and men PhDs who have babies early in their careers. Likewise, women who achieve tenure are far more likely than men to have no children at all. The report breaks down statistics regarding this situation by type of university and faculty (humanities, social sciences, sciences). The report also assesses the decision-making process women with children undergo as they determine whether they will remain in academia or not. Finally, the report makes suggestions for university administrations regarding how they should support young professors with children (particularly women) in terms of childcare, tenure clock manipulation, and financial support.
- The Center for WorkLife Law is a research and advocacy center that seeks to eliminate employment discrimination against caregivers such as parents and adult children of aging parents. WorkLife Law is based at UC Hastings College of the Law and is directed by professor and author Joan C. Williams. It was founded as the Program on Gender, Work & Family in 1998 and is supported by research and program development grants, university funding, and private donations. The Center changed its name to WorkLife Law in October 2003 to better reflect its increasing emphasis on identifying discriminatory employment practices against caregivers and using the legal system to prevent discrimination.